This is a miniature Japanese Satsuma earthenware vase/bowl, 2" tall x 2 1/3" wide- a great size for someone who doesn't have a lot of space for display! It's in good condition with some wear/dirt consistent with age on the foot. It's decorated with what appear to be people or dolls, maple leaves, chrysanthemums and other flowers. I thought it might be Hinamatsuri themed, as the people look similar to the paper dolls used for Nagashibina, but I could be wrong.
It's likely Meiji era.